Edge is always different. Do you notice?Edge of pond is full of semi-aquatic plants.It’s where the frogs stay quietly waiting for any insects flying above.Edge of forest is far from pristine forest. It’s where you can see some touch of human in a form of disturbance. There are usually large forest gaps where the understory plants get most of the sunshine. It’s an edge effect. Even a protected area suffers from edge effect. Nuruliawati, our former students summed up her research into this nice infographic. The picture tells it all….